The most celebrated leaker in american history revealed secrets whose concealment appears, in retrospect, to have been unnecessary. The case of the pentagon papers case western reserve. This appeared in twelve volumes, or books 6,742 pages, and was. The arguments at the supreme court lasted for two hours. At the white house, richard nixon read the story with a mixture of disgust and relief. On sunday, june, 1971, the new york times newspaper began publishing a classified government document which narrated the recent economic, political and military involvement of the united states in indochina. The pentagon papers the links on this page connect to digit files of what many consider the seminal resource for study of the u. The new movie the post tells the story of the pentagon papers from a curious perspective that ignores much of the drama of the real history.
The pentagon papers, officially titled report of the office of the secretary of defense vietnam. The document set in motion a chain of events that ended not only. It did so, and exercised free reign on decisions to delete material from its edition, which was published as a document of the house armed services committee in 1972. The posting today by the national security archive at george washington university, allows for a unique sidebyside comparison, showing readers exactly what the u. The pentagon papers, officially titled report of the office of the secretary of defense vietnam task force, was commissioned by secretary of defense robert mcnamara in 1967. The administration argued this both in the pentagon papers court case and in the subsequent criminal prosecution of daniel ellsberg and his confederate, anthony j. A topsecret defense department report on the vietnam war that became known as the pentagon papers was leaked and partially published by the new york times 40 years ago. However, the publications of the report that resulted from these leaks were incomplete and suffered from. How the new york times published the pentagon papers. Prior restraint and the press following the pentagon.
The pentagon papers article about the pentagon papers by. The complete pentagon papers online national archives site report of the office of the secretary of defense vietnam task force 7,000 pages in pdf format first made fully available to public in 2011 excerpt. The pentagon papers in the federal courts 2e federal judicial. The third installment of the pentagon papers series is published. He is the author of numerous books, articles, and essays, including the secret diplomacy of the vietnam war. The document set in motion a chain of events that ended not only the nixon presidency but the vietnam war. The court material covers the end of the pentagon papers case. He served as editor of the scholarly journal diplomatic history from 1982 to 1986 and was president of the society for historians. Inside the pentagon papers by john prados, paperback. Excerpts were published as a series of articles in the new york times beginning june.
This has annoyed the new york times, which broke the story, but then. The secret history of the vietnam war and millions of other books are available for instant access. It began with 3500 marines, and then 18,00020,000 ground troops. The case went all the way to the supreme court in new york times v. Knotts 3 english h february 27, 2012 the pentagon papers case in the past, there has always been conflict between the free press and the government. In this remarkable memoir, ellsberg describes in dramatic detail the two years he. From the pentagon papers, gravel edition, volume 4, chapter 1, the air war in vietnam.
After 40 years, the complete pentagon papers the new. The true story of the leaking of the pentagon papers, the event which inspired steven spielbergs feature film the post in 1971 former cold war hardliner daniel ellsberg made history by releasing the pentagon papers a 7,000page topsecret study of u. Research paper on the pentagon papers case 1661 words 7 pages albo 1 harrison albo mrs. Court rules for newspapers, 63 the washington post. The pentagon papers gravel edition volume 1 chapter i, background to the crisis, 194050, pp. They were turned over without authorization to the new york times by daniel ellsberg, a senior research associate at the massachusetts institute of technologys center for international. Beacon press and the pentagon papers is a message for our time. And yet, in attempting to check the free flow of information, the nixon administration nonetheless persuaded seven supreme court justices that the secrets. Inside the pentagon papers addresses legal and moral issues that resonate today as debates continue over government secrecy and democracys requisite demand for truthfully informed citizens. The article was displayed in the center of the front page.
The pentagon papers case is one of the most important cases involving freedom of the press. The book has the actual memos and papers written by those us government officials involved in directing the war. The pentagon papers the secret briefs and the secret. For the first time ever, all three major editions of the pentagon papers are being made available simultaneously online. The newspaper appealed the injunction, and the case new york times co. While the washington post gets the lions share of the glory in the movie, it was the times that did the vast majority of the hard work and took on far more risk in publishing the pentagon papers. The negotiating volumes of the pentagon papers 1983 and lbj and vietnam. In june of 1971, small portions of the report were leaked to the press and widely distributed.
Peace has never been on the american agenda for southeast asia the pentagon papers reveal the inner workings of a government bureaucracy set. Guided by the domino theory if vietnam fell to communist so would the rest of asia, the us government acted as if vietnam was the last redoubt. Because many of the documents in this period were lost or not kept except for the geneva conference era we had to rely more on outside resources. The steven spielberg movie about the famous pentagon papers case, the post, opens today, lionizing the washington post. The pentagon papers, gravel edition senator mike gravel, editor boston. For the first time ever, all three major editions of the pentagon papers are being. This recently abridged edition of that major historical document has been conceived and published specifically for you. After 40 years, pentagon papers declassified in full. Bagdikian, author of the new media monopoly read beacon press and the pentagon papers, a masters project submitted to emerson college, by allison trzop, in may of 2006. The papers were released by daniel ellsberg, who had worked on the study. Inevitably political, the pentagon papers case is a decisive test of the federal governments capacity to control the disclosure of information stamped secret, of an individuals right to. Read a june 17, 1971 post editorial on the pentagon papers, or an interview with former post assistant managing editor ben bagdikian. A concerning the years 1945 to 1961 tend to be generally nonstartlingalthough there are many interesting tidbits.
They were given without authorization to the new york times by daniel ellsberg, who worked on the project. National security archive electronic briefing book no. The lawyers who represented the times before the supreme court in the 1971 pentagon papers case included james goodale, second from right. The pentagon papers lies and deception in washington 15may2003 page 4 the pentagon papers lying for god and country us lies and deception the pentagon papers was an extensive defense department study commissioned by secretary of defense robert s mcnamara on. Beacon press, 1971 the contents of this volume are drawn from the official record of the u. The pentagon papers the people, the case and legal concepts. Posted june 10, 2011 updated june, 2011 edited by john prados. Government has continued to take the position that the pentagon papers remained secret even though anyone could read them.
The papers prove that, from the beginning, the war has been an american war, serving only to perpetuate american military power in asia. Senate subcommittee on public buildings and grounds. Haldeman that it was criminally traitorous for someone to have turned over the papers and for the times to then publish them, he was relieved to find. The pentagon papers, officially titled report of the office of the secretary of defense vietnam task force, is a united states department of defense history of the united states political and military involvement in vietnam from 1945 to 1967. The pentagon attack papers updated january 2011 by barbara honegger earlier edition appendix to the terror conspiracy by jim marrs barbara honegger, m. Pentagon papers, papers that contain a history of the u. When robert mcnamara was secretary of defense during in the 1960s, he became disenchanted with u. The pentagon papers supreme court briefs and opinions. United states 1971, the case dealing with the pentagon papers, the supreme court found prior restraint unconstitutional even when dealing with classified documents. In the process, it also shows how a closer study of this signal event can illuminate questions of government responsibility in any era.
Greenfield are shown in an office of the new york times in new york, may 1, 1972, after it was announced the team won the pulitzer prize for public. You can now experience the broad scope of the entire original work in one or two sittings with additional online resources included. In the course of the court case on the pentagon papers the u. The pentagon papers case thus presents a conundrum. Research paper on the pentagon papers case 1661 words. The pentagon papers case addressed the issue of prior restraint on the press under the amendment. In 1971 former cold war hardliner daniel ellsberg made history by releasing the pentagon papersa 7,000page topsecret study of u.
No is claimed in the text of this official government document. The ruling made it possible for the new york times and the washington post newspapers to publish the thenclassified pentagon papers without risk of government censorship or punishment president richard nixon had claimed executive authority to force the. After the paper refused, rehnquist sought an injunction in u. Daniel ellsberg, outside a federal courthouse in 1971, faced 12 felony counts as a result of his leak of the pentagon papers. The pentagon papers were secret but what made them.
If your are someone who came of age after the carter administration 197781, it is unlikely that you know about the pentagon papers. Prior restraint and the press following the pentagon papers casesis the immunity dissolving. Watergate the pentagon papers are a 7,000page, topsecret united states department of defense history of the united states involvement in the vietnam war from 1945 to 1971. The pentagon papers the people, the case and legal. On june 15, 1971, the trial started in manhattan in a federal courthouse. The post and three other papers published snowdens nsa leaks in 20, months before bezos took over.
Department of defense and the president issued to the american people about vietnam, probably did more than any single factor in the past fifty years to create distrust in the government. The first installment of the pentagon papers was published in the times on june, 1971, a sunday. The pentagon papers were leaked in 1971 by department of defense worker daniel ellsberg. On sunday june, 1971, the new york times ran a threecolumn, frontpage story containing excerpts from the pentagon papers. The pentagon papers in the federal courts the case in context a short narrative o n june, 1971, the new york times stunned the nation by publishing a frontpage story headlined, vietnam archive.
A prior restraint is the imposition of a restraint on the publication of information before the information is published farlex, par. The pentagon papers, with their revelations of the vast litany of lies that the u. Reading the pentagon papers is like watching a movie and the ending is already known. United states 1971, also called the pentagon papers case, defended the first amendment right. The issue of a free press arose again in the 1970s, when the nixon administration notoriously obtained a court order barring the new york times and the washington post from publishing the pentagon papers hundreds of pages of secret government documents detailing american involvement in the vietnam war. It describes the decision to commit ground troops, which was made on april 1, 1965, two months after the bombing campaign. From left, reporter neil sheehan, managing editor a. Often referred to as the pentagon papers case, the landmark supreme court decision in new york times co.1399 568 516 275 1553 1195 1528 732 771 693 927 1547 1 1542 1518 1347 1505 1326 971 1566 108 1016 874 696 1277 607 677 765 875 1408 865 1473 55 490 186