Confucius, chinas most famous teacher, philosopher, and political theorist, whose ideas have influenced the civilization of east asia. Confucianism, also known as ruism, is a system of thought and behavior originating in ancient china. Mar 25, 2015 if you go back and read the analects and some of the early writings, you realize the way we see confucius today is really not the confucius who lived 2,500 years ago. Throughout the 20th century, communist party of china cpc leaders criticized and denounced confucius as the personification of chinas feudal traditions, with anticonfucianism ranging from the 1912 new culture movement to the 1973 criticize lin, criticize confucius campaign during the. I probably knew that back when i was young and in school, but now that im old, lazyminded, and too deaf to hear confucius with perfect clarity, i certainly didnt know it last night. The following is the ultimate top 27 list of confucius say quotes. Confucius asserts that virtue is a mean between extremes. Thats name go in book, per gentle correction from coprolith. What is the proper relationship between human beings and their environment. Onfucianism is a treasure house of profound wisdom.
The name confucius is a latinized form of the mandarin chinese kong fuzi, meaning master kong, and was coined in the late 16th century by the early jesuit missionaries to china. Enlightening quotes by confucius on education, learning, life, beauty, goal, knowledge and other things. Whats left is the ultimate top 27 list a list of the most witty, intelligent, and actually funny. His philosophy emphasised personal and governmental morality. Confucius, pinyin romanization kongfuzi, or kongzi, wadegiles kungfutzu, or kungtzu, original name kongqiu, literary name zhongni, born 551, qufu, state of lu now in shandong province, chinadied 479 bce, lu, chinas most famous teacher, philosopher, and political theorist, whose ideas have influenced the civilization of east asia. Confucius quit his government job at the age of 51. Confucius was an influential chinese philosopher, teacher, editor and politician known for his popular aphorism and for his models of social interaction. Confucius 551479 bc, though of noble descent, was born in humble circumstances. Although kung futzu was the philosophers correct name, he has historically been referred to as confucius in western countries. In this classic translation of the analects by arthur waley.
This was the name of a 6thcentury bc chinese philosopher. In all of these works, the game is referred to as yi. Spring and autumn annals a historical record of the state of lu, confuciuss native state, 722481 bc. In western cultures and modern east asia, it is still widely used for this purpose. Compiled by pupils of confucius s disciples half a century after the masters death, the analects of confucius laid the foundation of his philosophy of humanitya philosophy aimed at cultivating the individuals moral conduct, achieving family harmony, bringing good order to the state and peace to the empire. In ancient china, go was often seen as the refined pastime of the scholars, while xiangqi was the game of the masses. Surely, few individuals in history have shaped their countrys civilization more profoundly than master kong. The best books on confucius five books expert recommendations. The analects attributed to confucius kongfuzi, 551479 bce by laotse lao zi, translated by james legge 18151897.
The most detailed traditional account of confuciuss life is contained in the records of the historian shih chi by ssuma chien, who lived from 145 b. The master replied, what is necessary is to rectify names. He believed that politics is only an extension of morals, and spent ten years travelling through the various states of china spreading his ideas. Two collections of poetry were the book of odes shijing or shi king and the book of documents shujing or shu king. This page provides a very brief and very casual biography of confucius, whose concern with people treating each other properly was almost certainly anchored in his own experience. Kong means hole, opening and the title fuzi means master.
The philosopher known to westerners as confucius would not have answered to that name. His philosophical system was compiled by his disciples in a text known as the book of mencius mengtzu. In the preface, the author clarifies that confucius life is shrouded in legend, hence the juxtaposition of mythological and realistic characters to tell his story. Al islam official website of ahmadiyya muslim community an islamic organization, international in its scope, with branches in over 206 countries. Confuciuss life, in contrast to his tremendous importance, seems starkly undramatic, or, as a chinese expression has it, it seems plain and real. Name some protagonists in books that frustrated you the most. This deftly illustrated picture book introduces confucius, the great chinese philosopher and teacher, to young readers.
It is also mentioned in book xvii of the analects of confucius and in two of the books of mencius c. Growing up not a lot is known about the childhood of confucius. The confucius institute is named after the noted chinese philosopher confucius 551479 bc. This is the most dynamic sect of islam in modern history, with membership exceeding tens of millions. Records of the historian, written by ssuma chien born 145 b. Mar 04, 2020 little is known of confucius childhood. Confucius was a chinese philosopher who was born in 551 b. If you go back and read the analects and some of the early writings, you realize the way we see confucius today is really not the confucius who lived 2,500 years ago. He is best known in china as zhongni, which means master kong. Zhu placed this text last among the four books because, having studied the other three, the student could here study the intricacies of confucian philosophy. Eastern wisdom list of famous confucius quotes last modified. He was disappointed that the leaders were not following his teachings. The analects are believed to have been collected by the disciples of confucius and not by the sage himself.
Confucius is the latinized name of kung futzu great master kung. Delphi collected works of confucius four books and five classics of confucianism illustrated, p. Confucius say many arguments have two sides, but no end. Confucius said, among us, in our part of the country, those who are upright are different from this. Interestingly, much unlike other philosophers or teachers, confucius life was plain, simple and real. They must often change who would be constant in happiness or wisdom. The norton critical edition aims to situate the historical figure of kongzi, the legendary figure of confucius, and the analects or lunyu, the single most influential book ascribed to the masters circle of disciples, within their evolving ethical, cultural, and political contexts. He then traveled throughout china for many years teaching his philosophy. Tszelu said, the ruler of wei has been waiting for you, in order with you to administer the government.
Attributed to confucius grandson, kong ji, the doctrine of the mean also originated as a chapter of the book of rites. Confucius say woman who is in love with priest will chase him through church and grab him by the organ. Meaning, origin and history of the name confucius behind. If there is one single book that can be upheld as the common code of a whole people, it is perhaps lun yu, or the analects. Traditionally considered to have been compiled by confucius, but probably older, this collection of 305 songs is today valued for its glimpses into ordinary life of the midzhou period, so that they would have been old by. Confucius biography life, family, name, story, death. In the long river of human history, if one person can represent the civilization of a whole nation, it is perhaps master kong, better known as confucius in the west. Ive removed all the stupid ones and 93% of the sexist ones. It was whilst he was teaching in his school that confucius started to write. The spring and autumn annals lin jing or lin king, which told the history of lu, and the book of changes yi jing or yi king was a collection of treatises on divination. State this state was in the south of modernday shandong province in the later days of the springautumn period.
Confucius say chicken is result of a sitting hen, while a baby is the result of standing cock. Traditionally considered to have been compiled by confucius, but probably older, this collection of 305 songs is today valued for its glimpses into ordinary life of the midzhou period, so that they would have been old by confucius time. Mar 25, 2020 eastern wisdom list of famous confucius quotes last modified. His father was a soldier named kong he who died when confucius was three years old. To develop ones spontaneous responses of ren so that these could guide action intuitively was even better than living by the rules of yi. From the analects of confucius, book, verse 3 james r. His teachings, preserved in the analects, focused on creating ethical models of family and public interaction and setting educational standards. This book is available for free download in a number of formats including epub, pdf, azw, mobi and more. A study of this religion reveals that rationality, revelation and knowledge go hand in hand in leading man to truth. The rest of his childhood was spent in poverty as confucius was raised by his mother. Master kong, but most frequently referred to simply as kongzi, traditionally september 28, 551 479 bce was a famous chinese thinker and social philosopher, whose teachings and philosophy have deeply influenced east asian life and thought. Confucius is one of the most humane, rational, and lucid of moral teachers, concerned not with arcane metaphysics but with practical issues of life and conduct.
Confucius a brief biography for college students d. He was born as kong qui family name first and given name last. March 25, 2020 the chinese philosopher known as confucius latinized version of kung futzu, which means master kung his family name was born about 551 bc in the kingdom of lu today shandong or shantung province. This was melded into confucius under latinization by the sixteenthcentury jesuit missionaries to china, notably matteo ricci. The formal name of confucius was kong qiu, and he was also called zhongni. In this excellent english translation of the analects, or sayings, of confucius, readers will find a rich distillation of the timeless precepts of one of historys most influential teachers and social theorists. The da xue is another of the texts that was part of the record of the rites. He is considered the greatest orthodox instructor of confucius teachings. Mar 21, 2020 confucius, chinas most famous teacher, philosopher, and political theorist, whose ideas have influenced the civilization of east asia. Following his death in 479 bce, confucius was buried in his familys tomb in qufu in shandong and, over the following centuries, his stature grew so that he became the subject of worship in schools during the han dynasty 206 bce220 ce and temples were established in his name at all administrative capitals during the tang dynasty 618907 ce.
Shi jing the book of odes, the book of songs poetry, folklore. Variously described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life, confucianism developed from what was later called the hundred schools of thought from the teachings of the chinese philosopher confucius 551479 bce. The duke of sheh informed confucius, saying, among us here there are those who may be styled upright in their conduct. Some of his followers wrote down his ideas in a book that would later be called the analects of confucius. Although many chinese consider it to be a religion on the pattern of other divinely revealed religions of the world, there are others among them who view it as a mere philosophy.
His ideas have influenced the civilisation of east asia. English translation of the analects of confucius book 4. Anger when we see men of a contrary character, we should turn inwards and examine ourselves. Now king was the posthumous title of chungsun tsee, and we find him alive le ke, ii. It is social good feeling that gives charm to a neighborhood. Ames as china modernises, it is increasingly returning to its traditional culture. In chinese, the book is literally called discussion on the words of confucius.310 872 1492 5 629 521 201 690 1443 993 110 1185 910 586 809 1290 1226 69 1277 5 865 1480 1298 1593 1384 373 1025 135 714 550 440 907 835 418 1487 1155 595 588 767